Subsequently, Act X … endstream The LARR Act 2013 stated that if an offence is committed by the government, the head of the department would be deemed guilty unless he could show that the offence was committed without his knowledge, or that he had exercised due diligence to prevent the commission of the offence. What implication would it have on industrialization and agriculture in India? x�+� � | x�%��� E��o�A��Qw\i�Ж��j�p�s.�������o�K*$�awwE����gU�C&����� �����z�\����}�x��3��q�&�0v�s&^��Ӥ��~����ᢠ-� �(; While the LARR Act 2013 was applicable for the acquisition of land for. The main central Act governing land acquisition is the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act). endobj On December 31, 2014, exactly one year after the new law had come into effect, the government sought to amend it by promulgating the RFCTLARR (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014. The Act applies to all acquisitions done by Government for own use or use by a private company or use of land under a public private partnership. ���n�T�#\$t%?-�(� x�+� � | student endobj Land Acquisition Act timeline. The LARR Act 2013 outlines the process to be followed when land is acquired for a public purpose. 22 0 obj endobj Land acquisition 1. • Land acquisition is the process by which the government acquires private property for public purpose. x�+� � | The Ordinance amends the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act 2013). The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1st January, 2014… <>stream <>stream endobj Land Acquisition Act, 2013 . Land reform involves the changing of laws, regulations or customs regarding land ownership. endobj The new Act makes it necessary to obtain consent of 80% land owners required for private projects and 70% land owners required for Public-Private Partnership Projects. 17 0 obj September 27, 2013: Bill receives the president’s approval. endobj The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 was promulgated on December 31, 2014. x�%��� E��o��-6��������Vj Acrobat Distiller 7.0 (Windows); modified using iText® 5.3.2 ©2000-2012 1T3XT BVBA (AGPL-version) 34 0 obj endstream India's Largest Community for IAS, UPSC, Civil Services Aspirants. (1) Unlike the old Act, the new Act will provide for rehabilitation and resettlement of people displaced by land acquisition. x�+� � | 2019-10-04T13:06:17+05:30 12 0 obj %PDF-1.6 x�+� � | <>stream What implication would it have on industrialisation and agriculture in India? *zEz����#\$t���(7 The State w… In addition, the Ordinance permits the government to exempt projects in these five categories from the following provisions, through a notification: This is a very informative podcast,reading the summary and listening to podcast will give you a very good overview about the ordinance and what it changes and that will your foundation for all kinds of questions that UPSC asks,it hardly takes around One hour to complete this topic,but after that  all you will be doing is value addition*. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act): Main features of act: Clearly defines various types of “public purpose” projects for which, Government can acquire private land. endstream endstream 33 0 obj HOME . 3 0 obj Therefore, Act VI of 1857 came into the picture, which repealed all the existing enactments relating to the land acquisition. x�+� � | Key changes made by the Ordinance are: The Ordinance creates five special categories of and use: The LARR Act 2013 requires that the consent of 80% of land owners is obtained for private projects and that the consent of 70% of land owners be obtained for PPP projects. Return of land: If the project doesn’t start in 5 years, the land acquired under the Act has to be returned to the original owner or the land bank. They gave out parcels of land to farmers who became their tenants. This act provides number of safeguards for the process of acquisition manifestly fairer. x�%�1� ��_j���Rg��Ha�$h �p}g�W�>l�)��. endobj endobj The Act overrode the Colonial Land Acquisition Act (L.A.A.) endobj • Till 2013, land acquisition in India was governed by Land Acquisition Act of 1894 . Narrate the circumstances leading to enactment of Land Ordinance 2014 and its likely impact on Indian economy. <>stream endobj endstream 2 0 obj Lack of coherent policy on land acquisition has harmed both the farmers and entrepreneurs, discuss in the backdrop of LARR Act-2013 and Land Ordinance 2014. <>stream 15 0 obj endstream Coming under such huge pressure, the government has finally agreed to amend the bill and bring in some changes. Microsoft Word - Starting Pageds endobj The Ordinance removes this restriction. endobj endstream 14 0 obj 23 0 obj They say that the bill is Anti farmer. The history of land acquisition laws can be traced to the Land Acquisition Act of 1894, a colonial artefact which was ultimately replaced by the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act in 2013, more than a century after its institution. endstream %���� x�%��� E��o�A���&�62�"�J-�@��l�p�s.v���^g/֥��߰��#2���[)ϲ����Y�����V��� ����lz�'Z�����L�dt��c�qY┟? endobj 10 0 obj The LARR Act 2013 excluded the acquisition of land for private hospitals and private educational institutions from its purview. 4��Ps�;�s��/0��nx���/m)�� ��f2�b�[NϢ����9n�l]�]�������Xtx�'j�'�\T��d�΢1�D�`���@�3{1��}�/J(� Land acquisition is governed by the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR) and which came into force from 1 January 2014. <>stream Tenancy regulation (to improve the contractual terms including security of tenure); 3. This Act is applicable to acquisition by all agencies of the State and the central government but doesn't apply to the State of J&K. x�%�1� ��_j���H�3�f���H"@���l�݇|�!%���ٶ��-�߰��2�r�k)O���Lp��gk&PԊ. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. Opposition parties in the parliament are opposing the Land Acquisition Bill in the present form and are demanding some changes. <> The 2013 Act for the first time, integrated Land Acquisition with Rehabilitation and Resettlement (R&R) and Social Impact Assessment (S.I.A. endstream (2) It extends to the whole of India except (the state of Jammu and Kashmir). <>stream <>stream Land Ordinance 2014 vs. Land Acquisition Act 2013: Salient Features, Comparison & Criticism, Land Acquisition: An overview of proposed amendments to the 2013 Act. 1 0 obj The new Act provides for higher compensation to those deprived of land by the government for both public and private sector projects. x�+� � | x�%��� E��o�A��Qw\k�-�@��m�p�s.����^g/֥�r��� ;"������j]`�$'���� �5��#l��c2�h�B2��#F�'��s��vn�v)t��v���?�EA[�2z(� UPSC Mains 2014 GS 3 Question Paper Official. *GEtp[9�� ]��(? x�%�1� ��_j���H�3�f��E$ ��/�l�݇|�!%���ٶ��-�߰�Yv@FQ�p��I�:Ð N�}u�vE�h�~��e��6�G�M�`t��s�)%�Դ|T��٭�+�8K�2?4(� <>stream The LARR Act 2013 imposes certain restrictions on the acquisition of irrigated multi-cropped land and other agricultural land. Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (17.1 MB) RFCTLARR (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 (1.77 MB) RFCTLARR (Amendment) Ordinance, 2015 (103.66 KB) (3) It shall come into force on the first day of March 1894. <>stream Sure there have been amendments to the act but the character of the act still remains the same. It replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014 was promulgated on December 31, 2014. 26 0 obj Explained: ‘Freedom’ to express oneself, but within limits. It compels a social and environmental impact assessment as a precondition for any acquisition. There are four main categories of reforms: 1. September 4, 2013: Bill passed in the Rajya Sabha. 9 0 obj History of Land Acquisition Laws in India. endstream 20 0 obj September 2013 and came into force on January 2014. A ceiling on landholdings (to redistributing surplus land to the lan… endstream Ordinance Summary the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Amendment) Ordinance, 2014.Summarized by PRS. 29 0 obj x�+� � | <>stream <>stream x�+� � | endobj endobj endstream But the stalemate over the issue still continues. endobj endstream endobj The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 has come into effect from Ist January, 2014. <>stream <>stream 11 0 obj PERMANENT SETTLEMENT OF BENGAL/ ZAMINDARI SYSTEM Lord Cornwallis introduced the Permanent Settlement in 1793. 31 0 obj However, the LARR Act 2013 required that the compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement provisions of these 13 laws be brought in consonance with the LARR Act 2013, within a year of its enactment, through a notification. Under this system, a class of landlords called Zamindars was created whose responsibility it was to pay a fixed rent to the government for the lands they owned. 32 0 obj endstream The Ordinance brings the compensation, rehabilitation, and resettlement provisions of these 13 laws in consonance with the LARR Act 2013. 1894. What was intended as a system beneficial for all parties concerned soon turned out to be exploitative. <> x�%���0��Wj�@d(u�^���@���&q��b�Pї8�rG��W%�t�[)!8tK���u��T,?&7�.C3�����>���'����Kc�u\�m��XO��s͌����.���0(� x�+� � | <>stream endobj The new law replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, which had been in force for over a century. <>stream The Ordinance amends the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act 2013). Watch it for facts about the weakness in bill but more importantly for seriousness of the Ruling party for sending a fully informed and competent Spokesperson. <>stream This act which was enacted in 1894 is one of the remnants of the colonial legacy on independent India. The Act replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted during British rule. endobj endobj endobj endstream 4 0 obj endobj The 2014 verdict by a Bench had said that acquisition proceedings initiated under the 1894 Act would automatically lapse, and would have to be initiated again if the state has not taken control of the land for five years, or if compensation was not paid to displaced farmers. Acquiring land: For private project, 80% affected families must agree. The LARR Act, 2013 states that the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 will continue to apply in certain cases, where an award has been made under the 1894 Act. Land reform may consist of a government-initiated or government-backed property redistribution, generally of agricultural land. <>stream <>stream uuid:7041f631-813a-4f24-964c-614d0d8f71b8 <>stream <>stream <>stream September 7, 2011: Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011, introduced in the Lok Sabha. endobj endobj x�+� � | Easy: You just have to reproduce the mugged up bullet points on the answersheet. endstream The LARR Act 2013 exempted 13 laws (such as the National Highways Act, 1956 and the Railways Act, 1989) from its purview. <>stream 13 0 obj Land Acquisition Act 1894 3. endstream The Act replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894, a nearly 120-year-old law enacted during British rule. <>stream The Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Bill, 2011 was introduced in Lok Sabha on 7 September 2011. August 29, 2013: Bill passed in the Lok Sabha. :������ħ~�qxɨIG�Z%��s���n��)�Dy�����,�+� ��(C The right to fair compensation and transparency land acquisition, rehabilitation and resettlement act, 2013 has come into effect from 1 January 2014. endstream 2019-10-04T13:06:17+05:30 21 0 obj <>stream 2. the land acquisition whether done by the central or state governments except the state of Jammu & Kashmir PScript5.dll Version 5.2 endobj Land Acquisition Act 1894 Land Acquisition Act 1894. (v) infrastructure projects including Public Private Partnership (PPP) projects where the central government owns the land. 1894. ). endobj For example, irrigated multi-cropped land cannot be acquired beyond a limit specified by the government. endstream (2) Earlier there was no requirement for prior consent. x�+� � | x�+� � | <> 2017-03-02T15:19:22+05:30 Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 (LARR Act), replaced the LAA of 1894. 16 0 obj The bill was then passed by it on 29 August 2013 … 30 0 obj The Ordinance states that in calculating this time period, any period during which the proceedings of acquisition were held up: (i) due to a stay order of a court, or (ii) a period specified in the award of a Tribunal for taking possession, or (iii) any period where possession has been taken but the compensation is lying deposited in a court or any account, will not be counted. x�%��� E��o�A�MGM�mdpE��Z@���j�p�s.����^g�����w����Pd� �R�E�Y�Is\��îVt�a��uy�&����SHF�:b�*���s&V��#S�Dy�S��p�~�[(3 4��Ps�;�s��/0��nx���/m)����T�(�n�g2�Is��R�E�������Mx�'�'M?�A��8�n��Y�]? endobj 28 0 obj 18 0 obj x�%��� E��o�A���&�62�"��ڂ �/`�p�s.v����(�o�K*Z|��nGFQp��Y�:Ð���cuK��%���6��1���h,�|4z��^G�,�SJdQv����n��)�G�H�2?0�(� <>stream <>stream The Ordinance exempts the five categories mentioned above from this provision of the Act. ... UPSC Prelims 2014 (124) x�+� � | Land Bill: Can amended version stand scrutiny? endstream Abolition of intermediaries (rent collectors under the pre-Independence land revenue system); 2. The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act 2013 (2013 Act) replaced the Land Acquisition Act, 1894 (1894 Act). endobj 2. endobj 24 0 obj uuid:ee716b5d-37f2-4026-88f3-121e951d0f77 endobj ... Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Indian Police Service (IPS) 7 0 obj [Polity] Land Ordinance 2014 vs. Land Acquisition Act 2013: Salient Features, Comparison & Criticism, Please clarify as to whether the latest Ordinance on Land acquisition is applicable for all cases of land acquisition under Railways Amendment Act 2008 for land being acquired for Dedicated Freight Corridor, We are Moving our blog iksa.in (Since 2013) to ". 5 0 obj Till 2013, land acquisition in India was governed by the Land Acquisition Act of 1894. IBPS Changed Pattern with Mains Examination. 27 0 obj endstream Land acquisition in India is currently governed by The Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013, which came into force from 1 January 2014. 19 0 obj endobj endstream x�+� � | <>stream endobj 8 0 obj endstream endstream x�%��� E��o��-65q����"�� The ordinance will act in ironing out procedural difficulties in land acquisition needed for defence and infrastructural projects. endstream <>stream The five-judge Bench was interpreting Section 24 (2) which concerns land acquisition compensation awards made five years “prior or more” to the coming of existence of the 2013 Act… So, land owners will get proper compensation if their land will be acquired. endstream x�%��� ����!J��7#�-"�����B2[�b�`?`Hɱ�e*�-�K����2���{N/���LrRon\;��dt����my.��݄g�l�`Mt�s�)%2�i���51�W}�wpU�d�3H(� 25 0 obj 6 0 obj One of the key reasons for low rate of investments was the Land Acquisition Act which was introduced by the previous government in January 2014 which not only made the process of acquiring land costly but also tedious. 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